Browse Items (157 total)

  • Tags: segregation
Oswald Garrison Villard writes to Woodrow Wilson about the Race Commission.
Andrew S. Burt writes to Oswald Garrison Villard about segregation in the Treasury Department.
Oswald Garrison Villard writes to Woodrow Wilson regarding protests about segregation in government offices.

Blackshear feels African American government workers should not give personal religious, political, or racial opinions in official capacity.

Resolution requesting that acts of racial discrimination in federal bureaus and offices be discontinued.

Proceedings of the US Senate, 1919 Jan 20 re: indefinite postponement of East St. Louis, Ill. riot investigation.

Newspaper article asking if it is disloyal to protest against lynching, segregation, etc. and asking President Wilson to "do some great deed."

Wholesale grocer in N.C. requests the President's assistance regarding lynching.

Petition asking that the report of the committee which investigated the riots in East St. Louis be published.

Date: 1918 May 7

Writing about the African Americans who were shut up in prison without charge in Galveston, Texas.

Requesting that the President use the force of moral opinion to help stop lynching.

Writing to the Attorney General of the U.S. asking that he help stop lynching in the U.S.

African American citizens request the president enact a law to stop mob attacks.

Congress receives a memorial from the Western States Negro Republican Conference on race discrimination in the Army.

Memorandum: The "Extension of Remarks" inserted in the Congressional Record of Feb. 28, 1916, by Representative W.P. Borland.

Acknowledgement of receipt of letter concerning Representative W.P. Borland's remarks on race.

Discussing the capitalization of "N" in "Negro" in the publications of the Commerce Department.

Assuring Bruce that the Department of Commerce desires to deal fairly with African Americans.

Letter to the Editor of St. Louis Labor discussing resolution proposed by the only African American man in attendance, Richard M. Bolden, which was not adopted.

Date: No date

Regarding segregation of African American clerks at the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.

Recounting incident in which white men and women objected to African-American men and women eating with them and the African-Americans were moved.

Newspaper account of President Wilson's harsh words for the delegation of African-American leaders from the National Independence Equal Rights League who met with him to discuss segregation of federal employees.

Governor Walsh asks on behalf of the International Independent Political Equal Rights League that the White House arrange a meeting with Rev. Byron Gunner.

An anonymous writer complains that African-American women use the same washstands, toilets, and lunch rooms as white women at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Debate in House of Representatives on the segregation of clerks and employees in the federal bureaus.

Urging President Wilson to preserve the unity of the country and prevent the rekindling of sectional feeling by standing against segregation in Washington, D.C..

Ralph informs the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury that due to a shortage of toilet and dressing room facilities in the new building the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is moving into, African-American and white employees will need to share the…

Letter from the Grievance Committee of the New Mexico Protection Association protesting the segregation of African-American employees in the federal government.

Petition from Rev. Frederick B. Allen et al. against segregation in the federal government, forwarded by Andrew J. Peters.

Moorfield Story et al. request the abolition of racial segregation in the federal departments.

Meeting regarding segregation of federal offices.

The Republican Club writes to urge an end to race prejudice and the segregation of African Americans in government department offices.

Joseph E. Ralph justifies the dismissal of an African-American employee following a violation of segregation.

Secretary Redfield denies that a segregation policy has been instituted in the Bureau of Domestic and Foreign Commerce.

Referring to an article in Boston Record, WM Trotter calls on Secretary Redfield to end segregation in the Bureau of Domestic and Foreign Commerce.

JE Ralph writes to Kinkead saying he cannot furnish him with a copy of the segregation order because no formal order has been issued.

EF Kinkead writes Joseph E. Ralph asking for a copy of an order that implements segregation in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph asks Mrs. Hopkins to give her views on segregation in the Bureau to Miss Nerney of the NAACP.

May Childs Nerney of the NAACP to JE Ralph asking his opinion on the policy of segregation in the federal government.

JE Ralph notifies the Assistant Secretary that he has sent the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to Belle C. LaFollette.

JE Ralph to Belle C. LaFollette providing the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JS Williams reply to Belle LaFollette telling her he will have JE Ralph give him the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

B.C. LaFollette writes to the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury asking for the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph writes to Assistant Secretary of the Treasury informing him of the situation regarding the objection to a African American supervisor in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph's reply to Rose Miller's objections to having a black supervisor, informing her that he has named a white man to the position.

Rose Miller, an employee in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, writes to the Director of the Bureau saying it would be "less humiliating to have a white man in charge."

Letter from AE Ball from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to JE Ralph listing three employees who violated the segregation policy in the Bureau.

Acting Secretary to Judge Edward Osgood Brown acknowledging the receipt of his letter and confirming that there is no segregation policy in effect at the Department.
Request for a meeting between the President and a committee of the National Negro Democratic League.
Thanks Wilson for using his influence in favor of African Americans, invites the President to celebrations of Lincoln's and Washington's birthdays, and includes other requests.
Enclosing copy of address by the National Equal Rights League.
Calling the President's attention to the memorial of the Boston Branch of the National Equal Rights League.
Memorial by Emery T. Morris, et. al., (including W. M. Trotter) for equal rights and an end to racial discrimination.
Thanking Tinkham for bringing the memorial by Emery T. Morris and others.

Date: 1917 May 3
Request that president be informed of Col. Hart’s segregation order.
Regarding Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Complaining that the City Central Committee of the Democratic Party has not gone on record against plans to segregate African Americans in St. Louis, Mo.
Protesting Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Newspaper clipping regarding the Trotter incident at the White House.
Newspaper article from the Amsterdam News on the decision to cancel a public meeting in New York City with William Monroe Trotter.
Letter from Anderson to Tumulty describing his successful attempt to call off a meeting with Mr. Trotter and saying that his job may be threatened as a result.
Short editorial about "Negro journals" that once supported Wilson but are now denouncing him.
Letter sharing an editorial critical of William Trotter.
Terrell encloses a clipping from the Indianapolis World he describes as the "sanest utterance" he's seen on the Trotter incident.
Letter about the Trotter incident suggesting that the President not offer an explanation for white antipathy toward African Americans.
Joseph W. Henderson, editor of the New England Torchlight writes to Woodrow Wilson disagreeing with Wilson's stance in favor of segregation in the government departments.
Asking President Wilson to act against segregation in the government departments.
Apologizing for the manner in which WM Trotter addressed the president and describing the plan of the American Colonization Association to create a new Liberia on American soil for African Americans to govern themselves.
Tumulty acknowledges receipt of letter and say he will bring it to the attention of the President.
Sending resolutions made by the Methodist Episcopal Preachers' Meeting regretting Woodrow Wilson's backing of separation of the races in government employment.
Resolution adopted by the Methodist Ministers Alliance of Kansas City, Missouri, against segregation and discrimination.
Samuel Jackson Hargrave writes to Wilson in the wake of the Trotter incident saying that tens of thousands of African American voters are ready to vote for him again, and sends a Thanksgiving hymn he's written and dedicated to the President.
Villard urges Tumulty to end segregation and discrimination by "living up to the spirit of one's oath of office."
Letter to the editor equating Wilson's treatment of Trotter with his treatment of women suffragists.
Letter to the Editor answering the letter of Alma Whitaker regarding the south.
Note introducing clippings from the Los Angeles Daily Times which she is enclosing.
Thoughtful letter disagreeing with Trotter's methods and trusting that the "episode in question will not be allowed to lessen your sympathy."
The Equity Congress of Greater New York expresses their protest of Wilson's support of segregation in the federal government.
Letter from the President and Secretary of the Saloonmen's Protective Union No. 1, protesting Wilson's support of segregation in the Federal government.
Letter expressing regret that "W.M. Trotter and his Committee proved to be unqualified for the mission they sought to perform."
Thanks Moton for his letter and his good judgment.
Letter from the district secretary of the American Missionary Association saying that the issue of segregation cannot be sidestepped any more than the issue of slavery could have been in the nineteenth century.
Newspaper article questions President Wilson's sincerity on issues of race.
Prominent newspaper editor protests against segregation.
Article describing African American views on how the meeting went between President Wilson and William Trotter.
Letter applauding Wilson for the way he responded to Trotter and suggesting that African Americans are "indebted to the United States and the institution of slavery."
Letter to President Wilson apologizing for William Trotter's behavior.
Republican member of the public praises President Wilson's stance on segregation.
African American letter writer criticizes Trotter.
Translation of an editorial from a German newspaper of Saint Louis, Missouri, referring to the Trotter incident and condoning segregation in the federal government.
Postmaster from St. Louis sends along a clipping from an American German newspaper and praises President Wilson's views on segregation.
Member of the public praises Wilson's stance on segregation.
Director of the Hampton Institute writes to President Wilson to apologize for William Trotter.
Newspaper article about the Trotter incident.
Writer believes Wilson had a right to be displeased, presumably by Trotter's conduct.

Date: c. 1914
Letter saying that the sentiment of the African Americans in the South is not the same as Trotter's and sending blessings for Wilson's continued success.
Letter expressing regret over the Trotter incident and talking about the race problem in the U.S.
Expressing sympathy with Wilson's administration and endorsing Mr. R. S. King for a position in that administration.
Member of the public commends President Wilson's treatment of William Trotter.
Commending Wilson on his handling of the Trotter incident.
Letter "heartily approving of the well deserved rebuke the President administered" during the Trotter incident and hoping he will be free from annoyance in the future.
Republican commends Wilson’s treatment of Trotter and says "Republicans of the South believe as you do."
Letter to Woodrow Wilson commending segregation in the federal government and regretting Trotter incident.
Roundtree writes the President to assure him that "the country don't approve of Mr. Trotters' insult to you."
Letter recounting an experience Rosenwald had with William M. Trotter, who said Rosenwald was inducing segregation in his attempts to build YMCAs for African Americans.
Clipping from unidentified newspaper about the Trotter incident.
Letter regarding the Trotter incident and the custom of appointing an African American to the office of Recorder of Deeds in the District of Columbia.
Newspaper article or editorial on the complexity of race issues in the United States.

Date: c. 1914
Newspaper clipping about segregation in the federal government departments.
Fragment of clipping from unidentified newspaper about segregation in the federal government under Woodrow Wilson.

Date: c. 1914
Newspaper article, "Jim Crow Law at Washington."
Writer apologizes for Trotter’s conduct and says the races need to understand each other better.
Letter writer supports Wilson's rebuke of Trotter.
Letter writer hints at harming Trotter if Wilson sends him to Baton Rouge.
Letter giving justifications for segregation and saying that African Americans have caused the "degeneration of the White Southern race."
Letter to Wilson congratulating him for his "kind words... to Chairman Trotter."
Letter to Wilson congratulating him on his "wise, dignified, and fearless rejoinder" to Trotter.
Newspaper clipping from the New York Press recounting the Trotter incident.
Member of the public describes outrage at behavior of William Trotter.
Letter on Texas & Pacific Railway Company letterhead commending Wilson for his response to the Trotter incident.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson listing reasons why segregation of government employees should be abolished.
Letter writer calls Wilson’s treatment of African-Americans better than Lincoln’s.
Black supporter claims that William Trotter had political motivations.
Editor of "Southern Stories" praises Wilson's treatment of William Trotter
Ross trusts that the Trotter incident will not affect the "standing of the calm members of my race."
Letter on letterhead of The National Co-Operative Association of America saying that the writer is glad Woodrow Wilson reprimanded Trotter and informing him of a national congress to be held in Jersey City, NJ in September, 1915.
AME Zion church pastor apologizes for Trotter, who shouldn't have approached the President at a time when the President was busy with international affairs.
Article describes meeting between William Trotter and President Wilson.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson from Congressman James A. Gallivan urging abolition of segregation in the federal government so that the reputation for justice and equality in the Democratic party may be maintained.

John Skelton Williams asks Joseph E. Ralph why different races were "working together side by side" in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
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