Browse Items (243 total)

  • Collection: Race and Segregation Collection

Newspaper clipping about a mob that attempted to break into a jail in Winston Salem, N.C. in order to lynch a negro prisoner.

Pamphlet produced by the United States Food Administration urging people to eat cornmeal in place of wheat and beans, fish, and poultry in place of meat.
Letter to the Editor answering the letter of Alma Whitaker regarding the south.

Letter to the Editor of St. Louis Labor discussing resolution proposed by the only black man in attendance, Richard M. Bolden, which was not adopted.

R.R. Moton, principal of the Tuskegee Institute, calls on African-Americans to aid the war effort by working six days a week.

Newspaper article asking if it is disloyal to protest against lynching, segregation, etc. and asking President Wilson to "do some great deed for the Negro."

Washington Post article reporting on number of lynchings in U.S.

An anonymous writer complains that African-American women use the same washstands, toilets, and lunch rooms as white women at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Letter expressing regret that "W.M. Trotter and his Committee proved to be unqualified for the mission they sought to perform."

Letter informing Reese there are no African-American employees in the USDA Division of Accounts and Disbursements.

Acting Secretary to Judge Edward Osgood Brown acknowledging the receipt of his letter and confirming that there is no segregation policy in effect at the Department.

Petition from Rev. Frederick B. Allen et al. against segregation in the federal government, forwarded by Andrew J. Peters.

Call for lynching to be made a federal crime.

The District of Columbia branch of the NAACP requests that the President speak out against lynching.

Explaining that a Supreme Court case prevents the Department of Justice from taking any action in the matter of lynching and mob violence.

JS Williams reply to Belle LaFollette telling her he will have JE Ralph give him the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Saying President has no power to stay execution of blacks in Arkansas race riots.

B.C. LaFollette writes to the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury asking for the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Asking for the reaction of the "colored newspapers" to Wilson's speech on mob violence.

Asking Scott to advise the publishers of black newspapers regarding the labor advertising campaign.

Asking the President to denounce lynching at every opportunity.

Requesting the President to intervene to put an end to mob violence against the Negro race.
Letter from Anderson to Tumulty describing his successful attempt to call off a meeting with Mr. Trotter and saying that his job may be threatened as a result.

Woman writing to say that men are being taken away and lynched.

Asking President to exercise his authority to enforce the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and stamp out lynching.

Letter to Wilson regarding the lynching of 3 Montgomery, AL prisoners.

Replying that the federal government has no jurisdiction over the killing of negroes by a mob in Winston-Salem, N.C.

Newspaper account of President Wilson's harsh words for the delegation of African-American leaders from the National Independence Equal Rights League who met with him to discuss segregation of federal employees.

Lynchings in Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina

Emmett Scott writes to George Creel suggesting a conference of black leaders and editors financed by the Committee on Public Information.

Statement of John R. Shillady, Secretary of the NAACP asking for a congressional investigation of lynching.

Urging President Wilson to preserve the unity of the country and prevent the rekindling of sectional feeling by standing against segregation in Washington, D.C..

Secretary of Agriculture suggests that Waters communicate directly with Representative Borland about his remarks.

Secretary of Agriculture responds to a congressman's request about employing "negro farm demonstrators in Oklahoma."

Acknowledgement of receipt of letter concerning Representative W.P. Borland's remarks on race.

64th Congress receives a memorial of the Western States Negro Republican Conference on race discrimination in the Army.

Wholesale grocer in N.C. requests the President's assistance regarding lynching.

Letter from the Grievance Committee of the New Mexico Protection Association protesting the segregation of African-American employees in the federal government.
AME Zion church pastor apologizes for Trotter, who shouldn't have approached the President at a time when the President was busy with international affairs.

Proceedings of the US Senate, 1919 Jan 20 re: indefinite postponement of East St. Louis, Ill. riot investigation.
Letter writer hints at harming Trotter if Wilson sends him to Baton Rouge.

EF Kinkead writes Joseph E. Ralph asking for a copy of an order that implements segregation in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Regarding a special census report on the black population to be prepared by the Bureau of the Census.

Undated description of efforts to aid African-Americans through the Bureau of Education of the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture.

Blackshear feels black government workers shouldn't give personal religious, political, or racial opinions in official capacity.

Suggesting "special propaganda" for black citizens who may have the wrong impression regarding Liberty Loans.
Memorial by Emery T. Morris, et. al., (including W. M. Trotter) for equal rights and an end to racial discrimination.

Informing Byoir that the "colored newspapers" of the country are expressing gratitude for authorizing use of black nurses in the war effort.

Asking for assistance in putting out "propaganda in promotion of the morale of the colored people of the country."

Emmett Scott writing to George Creel suggesting a conference of black newspaper editors to address state of affairs of black Americans during the war.

Negro farmers of the South who are cooperating with the US Saturday Service League are providing a great service.

African-American press' reaction to Wilson's denouncement of mob violence.
The Equity Congress of Greater New York expresses their protest of Wilson's support of segregation in the federal government.

Acknowledging the receipt of Winston's letter regarding lynchings of African-Americans, the Assistant Attorney General advises him that the federal government does not have jurisdiction over these crimes.

Requesting that the same protection by law and trial be given to black citizens of the south as to whites.

Recounting incident in which white men and women objected to African-American men and women eating with them and the African-American's were moved.

Requesting President use his influence to obtain fair and just treatment "for the race of which we are a part" after recent race riots.

Letter to President Woodrow Wilson from Francis H. Warren of the Detroit branch of NAACP asking the President to assist in ending lynchings in the US.
Pamphlet about Frederick Douglass Center’s social justice work.
Letter from the district secretary of the American Missionary Association saying that the issue of segregation cannot be sidestepped any more than the issue of slavery could have been in the nineteenth century.

Reply acknowledging receipt of the National Independent Political League's request for a meeting. Cannot schedule meeting at the desired time.

Urging President to stay the execution of blacks in Arkansas race riots.
Writer apologizes for Trotter’s conduct and says the races need to understand each other better.

Recounting heroism of black soldiers in France and requesting assistance regarding lynchings in the U.S.

Request that Secretary Redfield meet with the National Independent Political League regarding the Department of Commerce.
Ross trusts that the Trotter incident will not affect the "standing of the calm members of my race."

Asking the President to make a plea for law and order in all sections of the country in response to growing number of lynchings in the south.
Republican commends Wilson’s treatment of Trotter and says "Republicans of the South believe as you do."
African American letter writer criticizes Trotter.

Writing in regard to 11 men being sentenced to death in riots in Phillip County, Arkansas.

Writing in regards to the execution of blacks in Arkansas race riots.

Asking for Wilson to denounce the lynchings being carried out against African-Americans.


Writing in regards to making a report on the race riots in Arkansas.

Ralph informs the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury that due to a shortage of toilet and dressing room facilities in the new building the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is moving into, African-American and white employees will need to share the…

JE Ralph writes to Kinkead saying he cannot furnish him with a copy of the segregation order because no formal order has been issued.

JE Ralph writes to Assistant Secretary of the Treasury informing him of the situation regarding the objection to a black supervisor in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph asks Mrs. Hopkins to give her views on segregation in the Bureau to Miss Nerney of the NAACP.

JE Ralph's reply to Rose Miller's objections to having a black supervisor, informing her that he has named a white man to the position.

Joseph E. Ralph justifies the dismissal of an African-American employee following a violation of segregation.

JE Ralph to Belle C. LaFollette providing the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Letter to the Attorney General of the U.S. suggesting that much information concerning the persecution of colored people can be obtained from the Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Letter about the Trotter incident suggesting that the President not "condescend to offer an explanation of that quite natural antipathy which every white man feels for the transitional-staged "Evolutional Error" termed the Negro."

Requesting Wilson's assistance in addressing lynching and civil rights.

Requesting publication of the President's recent speech on mob violence so it might be distributed throughout the country.

Enclosing Official Bulletin from July 26, 1918 containing the President's statement on mob action.
Protesting Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Regarding Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Asking President Wilson to act against segregation in the government departments.

Regarding segregation of black clerks at the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Calling the President's attention to the memorial of the Boston Branch of the National Equal Rights League.

The President of the Washington, D.C. branch of the Equal Rights League writes in response to a lynching in Madil, Oklahoma.
Letter giving justifications for segregation and saying that "Negroe cooks" have caused the "degeneration of the White Southern race."
Thanking Tinkham for bringing the memorial by Emery T. Morris and others.
Tumulty acknowledges receipt of letter and say he will bring it to the attention of the President.
Joseph W. Henderson, editor of the New England Torchlight writes to Woodrow Wilson disagreeing with Wilson's stance in favor of segregation in the government departments.

Petition by a church in West Virginia for an investigation into the recent race riots in the U.S.

Journal of the Senate listing petitions asking for an investigation into the recent race riots in the U.S.

Journal of the US Senate including bill introduced by Mr. Spencer creating a commission on the racial question.

Letter referencing the lynching of Mary Turner and asking the President to punish the perpetrators and prevent similar occurrences.
Letter recounting an experience Rosenwald had with William M. Trotter, who said Rosenwald was inducing segregation in his attempts to build YMCA's for "colored men and boys" in American cities.
Complaining that the City Central Committee of the Democratic Party has not gone on record against plans to segregate African Americans in St. Louis, Mo.
Commending Wilson on his handling of the Trotter incident.
Request for a meeting between the President and a committee of the National Negro Democratic League.

Requesting a copy of the President's address "on sanity and patriotism" so he can print it as a public document.

Sends list of African-American employees of the Forest Service employed outside Washington, D.C.

Requesting that Wilson speak out against lynching and urge equal enforcement of the laws in his inaugural address.
Note introducing clippings from the Los Angeles Daily Times which she is enclosing.
Enclosing copy of address by the National Equal Rights League.

Requesting that the President use the force of moral opinion to help stop lynching.

May Childs Nerney of the NAACP to JE Ralph asking his opinion on the policy of segregation in the federal government.

Governor Walsh asks on behalf of the International Independent Political Equal Rights League that White House arrange a meeting with Rev. Byron Gunner.

John Skelton Williams asks Joseph E. Ralph why "white women and colored women were working together side by side" in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Describing the proposed work of the "Negro Division of the Committee on Public Information."

Letter from AE Ball from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to JE Ralph listing three employees who violated the segregation policy in the Bureau.

Memo that came out of the convention of black editors asking for an end to lynching, and listing other grievances.

JE Ralph notifies the Assistant Secretary that he has sent the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to Belle C. LaFollette.

Establishing "Negro Division" within Committee on Public Information.

Memorandum: The "Extension of Remarks" inserted in the Congressional Record of Feb. 28, 1916, by Representative W.P. Borland.
Apologizing for the manner in which W. M. Trotter addressed the president and describing the plan of the American Colonization Association to create a new Liberia on American soil for black citizens to govern themselves.

"Afro American citizens" request the president to enact a law to "stop the mobbing of the negro in the U.S."

Moorfield Story et al. request the abolition of racial segregation in the federal departments.
Translation of an editorial from a German newspaper of Saint Louis, Missouri, referring to the Trotter incident and condoning segregation in the federal government.
Writer believes Wilson had a right to be displeased, presumably by Trotter's conduct.

Writing in regards to the execution of blacks in Arkansas race riots

Asking the President for help with mob violence, segregation, and lynching.
Villard urges Tumulty to end segregation and discrimination by "living up to the spirit of one's oath of office."

Villard asks that Redfield ensure the fair representation of blacks in the census report by appointing black census officials.

Proceedings of the US Senate including petition to create a commission on the racial question.

Petition for East St. Louis investigation heard in the United States Senate.

Writing to the Attorney General of the U.S. asking that he help stop lynching in the U.S.

Press Release describing how the War Department bureau headed by Emmett J. Scott has grown with the addition of other office workers.

Press release on the recent "conference of Colored Editors and leaders" held in Washington, D.C.
Letter from the President and Secretary of the Saloonmen's Protective Union No. 1, protesting Wilson's support of segregation in the Federal government.

Regarding Senator Bankhead's bill creating a "Negro Division" of the Agriculture Department.

Race and Segregation Finding Aid.pdf
two spreadsheets listing letters and newspaper articles about race-related issues, including Jim Crow laws and workplace segregation
Newspaper clipping regarding the Trotter incident at the White House.
Letter on letterhead of The National Co-Operative Association of America saying that the writer is glad Woodrow Wilson reprimanded Trotter and informing him of a national congress to be held in Jersey City, NJ in September, 1915.

Regarding the lynching of Mary Turner in Valdosta, Ga.

Asks the Secretary of Agriculture to what extend the remarks of Representative W. P. Borland on African-American employees may have been justified.

Resolution to investigate the causes of the East St. Louis riots is reported with amendments.

Proceedings of the US Senate regarding a proposed investigation of lynchings and race riots.
Resolution adopted by the Methodist Ministers Alliance of Kansas City, Missouri, against segregation and discrimination.

Resolution requesting that acts of racial discrimination in federal bureaus and offices be discontinued.
Thanks Wilson for using his influence in favor of African Americans, invites the President to celebrations of Lincoln's and Washington's birthdays, and includes other requests.

Memorandum requesting information on the number of African-American employees in the Department of Agriculture.

Letter proposing an "educational propaganda" program "among the Negroes of the country."
Terrell encloses a clipping from the Indianapolis World he describes as the "sanest utterance" he's seen on the Trotter incident.

Asking Jones to send someone to Appointment Office to get information on the number of African-American employees in the Bureau of Plant Industry.

Informing Skinner that the subject of mob violence which he raised in a letter to the President falls within the jurisdiction of the states.

Rose Miller, an employee in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, writes to the Director of the Bureau saying it would be "less humiliating to have a white man in charge."

Informing Reese there were no African-American employees in the USDA Office of Markets or the Office of Rural Organization.
Letter regarding the Trotter incident and the custom of "appointing a negro the the office of Recorder of Deeds" in the District of Columbia.
Samuel Jackson Hargrave writes to Wilson in the wake of the Trotter incident saying that tens of thousands of African American voters are ready to vote for him again, and sends a Thanksgiving hymn he's written and dedicated to the President.

The Republican Club writes to urge an end to race prejudice and the segregation of blacks in government department offices.

Enclosing declaration of principles of the United Civic League.
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