Browse Items (306 total)

  • Subject is exactly "African-Americans--segregation"

Surgeon General responds to request for statement showing name of each messenger and laborer employed in the Bureau.
Request for a meeting between the President and a committee of the National Negro Democratic League.
Praise of Wilson’s Innagural Address; thanks for granting meeting.

John Skelton Williams asks Joseph E. Ralph why different races were "working together side by side" in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Letter from AE Ball from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to JE Ralph listing three employees who violated the segregation policy in the Bureau.

Rose Miller, an employee in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, writes to the Director of the Bureau saying it would be "less humiliating to have a white man in charge."

B.C. LaFollette writes to the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury asking for the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph's reply to Rose Miller's objections to having a black supervisor, informing her that he has named a white man to the position.

JE Ralph writes to Assistant Secretary of the Treasury informing him of the situation regarding the objection to a African American supervisor in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JS Williams reply to Belle LaFollette telling her he will have JE Ralph give him the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph to Belle C. LaFollette providing the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph notifies the Assistant Secretary that he has sent the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to Belle C. LaFollette.

May Childs Nerney of the NAACP to JE Ralph asking his opinion on the policy of segregation in the federal government.

JE Ralph asks Mrs. Hopkins to give her views on segregation in the Bureau to Miss Nerney of the NAACP.
Woodrow WIlson writes to Thomas Dixon Jr. regarding concerns about mixed race departments.

EF Kinkead writes Joseph E. Ralph asking for a copy of an order that implements segregation in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph writes to Kinkead saying he cannot furnish him with a copy of the segregation order because no formal order has been issued.

Anatomy professor from Washington University in St. Louis requests help in finding African American embryos.

Response to inquiry about research among the population on the islands off the coast of South Carolina.

Response to inquiry about research among the population on the islands off the coast of South Carolina.

Acting Secretary to Judge Edward Osgood Brown acknowledging the receipt of his letter and confirming that there is no segregation policy in effect at the Department.

Referring to an article in Boston Record, WM Trotter calls on Secretary Redfield to end segregation in the Bureau of Domestic and Foreign Commerce.

Secretary Redfield denies that a segregation policy has been instituted in the Bureau of Domestic and Foreign Commerce.

Joseph E. Ralph justifies the dismissal of an African-American employee following a violation of segregation.

Letter from Acting Director, WL Austin, to Chief Clerk, Department of Commerce, regarding suggestion from Rev. Alexander Walters to establish a division in the Bureau of the Census to handle matters pertaining to African-Americans.

The Republican Club writes to urge an end to race prejudice and the segregation of African Americans in government department offices.

Moorfield Story et al. request the abolition of racial segregation in the federal departments.

Meeting regarding segregation of federal offices.

Letter from the Grievance Committee of the New Mexico Protection Association protesting the segregation of African-American employees in the federal government.

Petition from Rev. Frederick B. Allen et al. against segregation in the federal government, forwarded by Andrew J. Peters.

Ralph informs the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury that due to a shortage of toilet and dressing room facilities in the new building the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is moving into, African-American and white employees will need to share the…

Urging President Wilson to preserve the unity of the country and prevent the rekindling of sectional feeling by standing against segregation in Washington, D.C..

Debate in House of Representatives on the segregation of clerks and employees in the federal bureaus.

Regarding a special census report on the African American population to be prepared by the Bureau of the Census.

An anonymous writer complains that African-American women use the same washstands, toilets, and lunch rooms as white women at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

DuBois shares his fear that if the Census Bureau writes a report with no input from African-Americans, it may be biased against them.

Villard asks that Redfield ensure the fair representation of blacks in the census report by appointing African American census officials.

Director of the Bureau of the Census writes that black men are to work on the African American census report.

Memorandum for Mr. Reese asking him to collect information on the number of African-American employees in the Department of Agriculture.

Memorandum requesting information on the number of African-American employees in the Department of Agriculture.

Informing Reese there were no African-American employees in the USDA Office of Markets or the Office of Rural Organization.

Letter informing Reese there are no African-American employees in the USDA Division of Accounts and Disbursements.

List of African-American employees in the USDA Central Office of the Weather Bureau.

Asking Jones to send someone to Appointment Office to get information on the number of African-American employees in the Bureau of Plant Industry.

Letter accompanied by a list of African-American employees in the Bureau of Plant Industry, including name, title or position, and salary.

Sends list of African-American employees of the Forest Service employed outside Washington, D.C.

List of African-American employees in the USDA Central Office of the Weather Bureau, including position and salary.

Acknowledging receipt of a letter on the separate census of African-American occupation statistics.

Governor Walsh asks on behalf of the International Independent Political Equal Rights League that the White House arrange a meeting with Rev. Byron Gunner.
Member of the public commends President Wilson's treatment of William Trotter.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson from Congressman James A. Gallivan urging abolition of segregation in the federal government so that the reputation for justice and equality in the Democratic party may be maintained.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson listing reasons why segregation of government employees should be abolished.
Ross trusts that the Trotter incident will not affect the "standing of the calm members of my race."
Editor of "Southern Stories" praises Wilson's treatment of William Trotter
Clipping from unidentified newspaper about the Trotter incident.
Newspaper article about the Trotter incident.

Newspaper account of President Wilson's harsh words for the delegation of African-American leaders from the National Independence Equal Rights League who met with him to discuss segregation of federal employees.
AME Zion church pastor apologizes for Trotter, who shouldn't have approached the President at a time when the President was busy with international affairs.
Letter on letterhead of The National Co-Operative Association of America saying that the writer is glad Woodrow Wilson reprimanded Trotter and informing him of a national congress to be held in Jersey City, NJ in September, 1915.
Black supporter claims that William Trotter had political motivations.
Letter writer calls Wilson’s treatment of African-Americans better than Lincoln’s.
Letter on Texas & Pacific Railway Company letterhead commending Wilson for his response to the Trotter incident.
Member of the public describes outrage at behavior of William Trotter.
Newspaper clipping from the New York Press recounting the Trotter incident.
Letter to Wilson congratulating him on his "wise, dignified, and fearless rejoinder" to Trotter.
Letter to Wilson congratulating him for his "kind words... to Chairman Trotter."
Letter giving justifications for segregation and saying that African Americans have caused the "degeneration of the White Southern race."
Letter writer hints at harming Trotter if Wilson sends him to Baton Rouge.
Letter writer supports Wilson's rebuke of Trotter.
Writer apologizes for Trotter’s conduct and says the races need to understand each other better.
Letter regarding the Trotter incident and the custom of appointing an African American to the office of Recorder of Deeds in the District of Columbia.
Letter recounting an experience Rosenwald had with William M. Trotter, who said Rosenwald was inducing segregation in his attempts to build YMCAs for African Americans.
Roundtree writes the President to assure him that "the country don't approve of Mr. Trotters' insult to you."
Letter to Woodrow Wilson commending segregation in the federal government and regretting Trotter incident.
Republican commends Wilson’s treatment of Trotter and says "Republicans of the South believe as you do."
Letter "heartily approving of the well deserved rebuke the President administered" during the Trotter incident and hoping he will be free from annoyance in the future.
Commending Wilson on his handling of the Trotter incident.

Recounting incident in which white men and women objected to African-American men and women eating with them and the African-Americans were moved.
Translation of an editorial from a German newspaper of Saint Louis, Missouri, referring to the Trotter incident and condoning segregation in the federal government.
Newspaper clipping about segregation in the federal government departments.
Expressing sympathy with Wilson's administration and endorsing Mr. R. S. King for a position in that administration.
Letter expressing regret over the Trotter incident and talking about the race problem in the U.S.
Letter saying that the sentiment of the African Americans in the South is not the same as Trotter's and sending blessings for Wilson's continued success.
Director of the Hampton Institute writes to President Wilson to apologize for William Trotter.
Member of the public praises Wilson's stance on segregation.
Article describing African American views on how the meeting went between President Wilson and William Trotter.
Newspaper article questions President Wilson's sincerity on issues of race.
African American letter writer criticizes Trotter.
Republican member of the public praises President Wilson's stance on segregation.
Letter to President Wilson apologizing for William Trotter's behavior.
Letter applauding Wilson for the way he responded to Trotter and suggesting that African Americans are "indebted to the United States and the institution of slavery."
Prominent newspaper editor protests against segregation.
Letter to the editor equating Wilson's treatment of Trotter with his treatment of women suffragists.
Postmaster from St. Louis sends along a clipping from an American German newspaper and praises President Wilson's views on segregation.
Letter from the district secretary of the American Missionary Association saying that the issue of segregation cannot be sidestepped any more than the issue of slavery could have been in the nineteenth century.
Thanks Moton for his letter and his good judgment.
Letter expressing regret that "W.M. Trotter and his Committee proved to be unqualified for the mission they sought to perform."
Letter to the Editor answering the letter of Alma Whitaker regarding the south.
Letter from the President and Secretary of the Saloonmen's Protective Union No. 1, protesting Wilson's support of segregation in the Federal government.
The Equity Congress of Greater New York expresses their protest of Wilson's support of segregation in the federal government.
Thoughtful letter disagreeing with Trotter's methods and trusting that the "episode in question will not be allowed to lessen your sympathy."
Note introducing clippings from the Los Angeles Daily Times which she is enclosing.
Villard urges Tumulty to end segregation and discrimination by "living up to the spirit of one's oath of office."
Samuel Jackson Hargrave writes to Wilson in the wake of the Trotter incident saying that tens of thousands of African American voters are ready to vote for him again, and sends a Thanksgiving hymn he's written and dedicated to the President.
Resolution adopted by the Methodist Ministers Alliance of Kansas City, Missouri, against segregation and discrimination.
Sending resolutions made by the Methodist Episcopal Preachers' Meeting regretting Woodrow Wilson's backing of separation of the races in government employment.
Tumulty acknowledges receipt of letter and say he will bring it to the attention of the President.
Apologizing for the manner in which WM Trotter addressed the president and describing the plan of the American Colonization Association to create a new Liberia on American soil for African Americans to govern themselves.
Asking President Wilson to act against segregation in the government departments.
Newspaper article, "Jim Crow Law at Washington."
Newspaper clipping regarding the Trotter incident at the White House.
Joseph W. Henderson, editor of the New England Torchlight writes to Woodrow Wilson disagreeing with Wilson's stance in favor of segregation in the government departments.
Letter about the Trotter incident suggesting that the President not offer an explanation for white antipathy toward African Americans.
Terrell encloses a clipping from the Indianapolis World he describes as the "sanest utterance" he's seen on the Trotter incident.
Article describes meeting between William Trotter and President Wilson.
Letter sharing an editorial critical of William Trotter.
Letter from Anderson to Tumulty describing his successful attempt to call off a meeting with Mr. Trotter and saying that his job may be threatened as a result.
Short editorial about "Negro journals" that once supported Wilson but are now denouncing him.
Newspaper article from the Amsterdam News on the decision to cancel a public meeting in New York City with William Monroe Trotter.
Fragment of clipping from unidentified newspaper about segregation in the federal government under Woodrow Wilson.

Date: c. 1914
Newspaper article or editorial on the complexity of race issues in the United States.

Date: c. 1914
Writer believes Wilson had a right to be displeased, presumably by Trotter's conduct.

Date: c. 1914

Request that Secretary Redfield meet with the National Independent Political League regarding the Department of Commerce.

Reply acknowledging receipt of the National Independent Political League's request for a meeting. Cannot schedule meeting at the desired time.

Regarding segregation of African American clerks at the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.

Asking for Wilson to denounce the lynchings being carried out against African-Americans.


Acknowledging the receipt of Winston's letter regarding lynchings of African-Americans, the Assistant Attorney General advises him that the federal government does not have jurisdiction over these crimes.

Assuring Bruce that the Department of Commerce desires to deal fairly with African Americans.

Discussing the capitalization of "N" in "Negro" in the publications of the Commerce Department.
Protesting Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Complaining that the City Central Committee of the Democratic Party has not gone on record against plans to segregate African Americans in St. Louis, Mo.

Asks the Secretary of Agriculture to what extend the remarks of Representative W. P. Borland on African-American employees may have been justified.

Memorandum: The "Extension of Remarks" inserted in the Congressional Record of Feb. 28, 1916, by Representative W.P. Borland.

Secretary of Agriculture suggests that Waters communicate directly with Representative Borland about his remarks.

Acknowledgement of receipt of letter concerning Representative W.P. Borland's remarks on race.
Regarding Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.

Acknowledging receipt of letter regarding the "Negro Bulletin" published by the Census Bureau

Congress receives a memorial from the Western States Negro Republican Conference on race discrimination in the Army.

To form a new division in the Bureau of the Census, the law must be changed.
Request that president be informed of Col. Hart’s segregation order.

Requesting Wilson's assistance in addressing lynching and civil rights.

Redfield writes to the president about the creation of an auxiliary census division which will compile statistics on African American labor.

Redfield doesn't believe an "Auxiliary Federal Census Bureau" is needed in order to complete a survey of African American labor.

Requesting that Wilson speak out against lynching and urge equal enforcement of the laws in his inaugural address.

Asking the President to make a plea for law and order in all sections of the country in response to growing number of lynchings in the south.
Memorial by Emery T. Morris, et. al., (including W. M. Trotter) for equal rights and an end to racial discrimination.
Thanking Tinkham for bringing the memorial by Emery T. Morris and others.

Date: 1917 May 3
Calling the President's attention to the memorial of the Boston Branch of the National Equal Rights League.

Regarding Senator Bankhead's bill creating an African American division of the Agriculture Department.

US Senate discusses the events of the East. St. Louis Riots.

Resolution to investigate the causes of the East St. Louis riots is reported with amendments.

Enclosing declaration of principles of the United Civic League.
Enclosing copy of address by the National Equal Rights League.

African American citizens request the president enact a law to stop mob attacks.
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