Browse Items (306 total)

  • Subject is exactly "African-Americans--segregation"
Letter to the Editor answering the letter of Alma Whitaker regarding the south.

African-American 350th Field Artillery Band raises $926 with performance

Date: 1918 May 2

Washington Post article reporting on number of lynchings in U.S.

An anonymous writer complains that African-American women use the same washstands, toilets, and lunch rooms as white women at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Letter expressing regret that "W.M. Trotter and his Committee proved to be unqualified for the mission they sought to perform."

Letter informing Reese there are no African-American employees in the USDA Division of Accounts and Disbursements.

Acting Secretary to Judge Edward Osgood Brown acknowledging the receipt of his letter and confirming that there is no segregation policy in effect at the Department.
Letter on Texas & Pacific Railway Company letterhead commending Wilson for his response to the Trotter incident.

Address to the Committee on Public Information with suggested action steps and listing names of all in attendance at conference.

Petition from Rev. Frederick B. Allen et al. against segregation in the federal government, forwarded by Andrew J. Peters.

Call for lynching to be made a federal crime.
Expressing sympathy with Wilson's administration and endorsing Mr. R. S. King for a position in that administration.
Letter expressing regret over the Trotter incident and talking about the race problem in the U.S.

The District of Columbia branch of the NAACP requests that the President speak out against lynching.

Explaining that a Supreme Court case prevents the Department of Justice from taking any action in the matter of lynching and mob violence.

JS Williams reply to Belle LaFollette telling her he will have JE Ralph give him the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

African American sentiment during the war.

President has no power to stay execution of African Americans in Arkansas race riots.

B.C. LaFollette writes to the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury asking for the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Article describes meeting between William Trotter and President Wilson.

USDA is proceeding with plans to appoint African American district agents.

Asking for the reaction of African Americans to Wilson's speech on mob violence.

Asking Scott to advise the publishers of African American newspapers regarding the labor advertising campaign.

List of African-American employees in the USDA Central Office of the Weather Bureau, including position and salary.

Asking the President to denounce lynching at every opportunity.
Letter applauding Wilson for the way he responded to Trotter and suggesting that African Americans are "indebted to the United States and the institution of slavery."

Requesting the President to intervene to put an end to mob violence.
Letter from Anderson to Tumulty describing his successful attempt to call off a meeting with Mr. Trotter and saying that his job may be threatened as a result.

Woman writing to say that men are being taken away and lynched.

Asking President to exercise his authority to enforce the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and stamp out lynching.

Letter to Wilson regarding the lynching of 3 Montgomery, AL prisoners.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson commending segregation in the federal government and regretting Trotter incident.

Replying that the federal government has no jurisdiction over the killing of African Americans by a mob in Winston-Salem, NC.
Postmaster from St. Louis sends along a clipping from an American German newspaper and praises President Wilson's views on segregation.

Newspaper account of President Wilson's harsh words for the delegation of African-American leaders from the National Independence Equal Rights League who met with him to discuss segregation of federal employees.

Emmett Scott sends the News Report regarding the convention of African American editors to Carl Byoir.

Letter referencing the lynching of Mary Turner and asking the President to punish the perpetrators and prevent similar occurrences.

Lynchings in Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina
Letter to Wilson congratulating him on his "wise, dignified, and fearless rejoinder" to Trotter.

Emmett Scott writes to George Creel suggesting a conference of African American leaders and editors, financed by the Committee on Public Information.

Statement of John R. Shillady, Secretary of the NAACP asking for a congressional investigation of lynching.

Urging President Wilson to preserve the unity of the country and prevent the rekindling of sectional feeling by standing against segregation in Washington, D.C..

Acknowledgement of receipt of letter concerning Representative W.P. Borland's remarks on race.

Secretary of Agriculture suggests that Waters communicate directly with Representative Borland about his remarks.

Secretary of Agriculture responds to a congressman's request about employing African American farm demonstrators in Oklahoma.

Congress receives a memorial from the Western States Negro Republican Conference on race discrimination in the Army.

Wholesale grocer in N.C. requests the President's assistance regarding lynching.

Letter from the Grievance Committee of the New Mexico Protection Association protesting the segregation of African-American employees in the federal government.

Proceedings of the US Senate, 1919 Jan 20 re: indefinite postponement of East St. Louis, Ill. riot investigation.
AME Zion church pastor apologizes for Trotter, who shouldn't have approached the President at a time when the President was busy with international affairs.

List of African-American employees in the USDA Central Office of the Weather Bureau.
Letter writer hints at harming Trotter if Wilson sends him to Baton Rouge.

EF Kinkead writes Joseph E. Ralph asking for a copy of an order that implements segregation in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Regarding a special census report on the African American population to be prepared by the Bureau of the Census.

Undated description of efforts to aid African-Americans through the Bureau of Education of the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture.

Date: No date

Blackshear feels African American government workers should not give personal religious, political, or racial opinions in official capacity.

Suggesting "special propaganda" for African Americans who may have the wrong impression regarding Liberty Loans.

Date: 1918 May 6
Memorial by Emery T. Morris, et. al., (including W. M. Trotter) for equal rights and an end to racial discrimination.

Informing Byoir that the African American newspapers of the country are expressing gratitude for authorizing use of black nurses in the war effort.

Asking for assistance in putting out "propaganda in promotion of the morale" of African Americans.

African American farmers of the South who are cooperating with the US Saturday Service League are providing a great service.

African-American press' reaction to Wilson's denouncement of mob violence.
The Equity Congress of Greater New York expresses their protest of Wilson's support of segregation in the federal government.

Acknowledging the receipt of Winston's letter regarding lynchings of African-Americans, the Assistant Attorney General advises him that the federal government does not have jurisdiction over these crimes.

Recounting incident in which white men and women objected to African-American men and women eating with them and the African-Americans were moved.

Newspaper clipping about a mob that attempted to break into a jail in Winston Salem, N.C. in order to lynch a prisoner.

Requesting President use his influence to obtain fair and just treatment "for the race of which we are a part" after recent race riots.
Pamphlet about Frederick Douglass Center’s social justice work.

Date: No date
Letter from the district secretary of the American Missionary Association saying that the issue of segregation cannot be sidestepped any more than the issue of slavery could have been in the nineteenth century.

Reply acknowledging receipt of the National Independent Political League's request for a meeting. Cannot schedule meeting at the desired time.
Member of the public praises Wilson's stance on segregation.

Urging President to stay the execution of African Americans in Arkansas race riots.
Request that president be informed of Col. Hart’s segregation order.

Pamphlet produced by the United States Food Administration urging people to eat cornmeal in place of wheat and beans, fish, and poultry in place of meat.
Letter writer calls Wilson’s treatment of African-Americans better than Lincoln’s.
Article describing African American views on how the meeting went between President Wilson and William Trotter.
Writer apologizes for Trotter’s conduct and says the races need to understand each other better.
Editor of "Southern Stories" praises Wilson's treatment of William Trotter

Recounting heroism of African American soldiers in France and requesting assistance regarding lynchings in the US.

Request that Secretary Redfield meet with the National Independent Political League regarding the Department of Commerce.
Letter sharing an editorial critical of William Trotter.
Letter to Woodrow Wilson from Congressman James A. Gallivan urging abolition of segregation in the federal government so that the reputation for justice and equality in the Democratic party may be maintained.
Ross trusts that the Trotter incident will not affect the "standing of the calm members of my race."

Asking the President to make a plea for law and order in all sections of the country in response to growing number of lynchings in the south.
Republican commends Wilson’s treatment of Trotter and says "Republicans of the South believe as you do."
African American letter writer criticizes Trotter.

Writing in regard to 11 men being sentenced to death in riots in Phillip County, Arkansas.
Member of the public commends President Wilson's treatment of William Trotter.

Writing in regards to the execution of African Americans in Arkansas race riots.

Asking for Wilson to denounce the lynchings being carried out against African-Americans.

Black supporter claims that William Trotter had political motivations.

Writing in regards to making a report on the race riots in Arkansas.

Ralph informs the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury that due to a shortage of toilet and dressing room facilities in the new building the Bureau of Engraving and Printing is moving into, African-American and white employees will need to share the…

JE Ralph asks Mrs. Hopkins to give her views on segregation in the Bureau to Miss Nerney of the NAACP.

JE Ralph writes to Kinkead saying he cannot furnish him with a copy of the segregation order because no formal order has been issued.

JE Ralph writes to Assistant Secretary of the Treasury informing him of the situation regarding the objection to a African American supervisor in the Wetting Division of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

JE Ralph's reply to Rose Miller's objections to having a black supervisor, informing her that he has named a white man to the position.

Joseph E. Ralph justifies the dismissal of an African-American employee following a violation of segregation.

JE Ralph to Belle C. LaFollette providing the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Republican member of the public praises President Wilson's stance on segregation.
Newspaper article, "Jim Crow Law at Washington."
Roundtree writes the President to assure him that "the country don't approve of Mr. Trotters' insult to you."

Requesting Wilson's assistance in addressing lynching and civil rights.

Requesting publication of the President's recent speech on mob violence so it might be distributed throughout the country.

Enclosing Official Bulletin from July 26, 1918 containing the President's statement on mob action.
Protesting Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Regarding Democratic City Central Committee not opposing segregation in St. Louis.
Asking President Wilson to act against segregation in the government departments.

Regarding segregation of African American clerks at the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Calling the President's attention to the memorial of the Boston Branch of the National Equal Rights League.
Letter about the Trotter incident suggesting that the President not offer an explanation for white antipathy toward African Americans.

The President of the Washington, D.C. branch of the Equal Rights League writes in response to a lynching in Madil, Oklahoma.
Letter giving justifications for segregation and saying that African Americans have caused the "degeneration of the White Southern race."
Thanking Tinkham for bringing the memorial by Emery T. Morris and others.

Date: 1917 May 3
Tumulty acknowledges receipt of letter and say he will bring it to the attention of the President.
Joseph W. Henderson, editor of the New England Torchlight writes to Woodrow Wilson disagreeing with Wilson's stance in favor of segregation in the government departments.

Petition by a church in West Virginia for an investigation into the recent race riots in the U.S.

Journal of the Senate listing petitions asking for an investigation into the recent race riots in the U.S.

Journal of the US Senate including bill introduced by Mr. Spencer creating a commission on the racial question.
Letter recounting an experience Rosenwald had with William M. Trotter, who said Rosenwald was inducing segregation in his attempts to build YMCAs for African Americans.
Member of the public describes outrage at behavior of William Trotter.
Complaining that the City Central Committee of the Democratic Party has not gone on record against plans to segregate African Americans in St. Louis, Mo.
Commending Wilson on his handling of the Trotter incident.
Request for a meeting between the President and a committee of the National Negro Democratic League.

Requesting a copy of the President's address "on sanity and patriotism" so he can print it as a public document.

Sends list of African-American employees of the Forest Service employed outside Washington, D.C.

Requesting that Wilson speak out against lynching and urge equal enforcement of the laws in his inaugural address.

Pamphlet by Principle of the Hampton Institute regarding lynching in the US
Note introducing clippings from the Los Angeles Daily Times which she is enclosing.
Enclosing copy of address by the National Equal Rights League.

Requesting that the President use the force of moral opinion to help stop lynching.

May Childs Nerney of the NAACP to JE Ralph asking his opinion on the policy of segregation in the federal government.

Governor Walsh asks on behalf of the International Independent Political Equal Rights League that the White House arrange a meeting with Rev. Byron Gunner.

John Skelton Williams asks Joseph E. Ralph why different races were "working together side by side" in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Describing the proposed work of the African American division of the Committee on Public Information.

Letter from AE Ball from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to JE Ralph listing three employees who violated the segregation policy in the Bureau.

Memo that came out of the convention of African American editors asking for an end to lynching, and listing other grievances.

JE Ralph notifies the Assistant Secretary that he has sent the names of the three girls who violated the segregation policy at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to Belle C. LaFollette.

Establishing an African American division within the Committee on Public Information.

Date: 1918 May 3

Memorandum: The "Extension of Remarks" inserted in the Congressional Record of Feb. 28, 1916, by Representative W.P. Borland.
Apologizing for the manner in which WM Trotter addressed the president and describing the plan of the American Colonization Association to create a new Liberia on American soil for African Americans to govern themselves.

African American citizens request the president enact a law to stop mob attacks.

Moorfield Story et al. request the abolition of racial segregation in the federal departments.

German Influence over African Americans, Italian miners, and farm laborers.

Date: 1918 May 2
Praise of Wilson’s Innagural Address; thanks for granting meeting.
Newspaper article about the Trotter incident.
Translation of an editorial from a German newspaper of Saint Louis, Missouri, referring to the Trotter incident and condoning segregation in the federal government.
Writer believes Wilson had a right to be displeased, presumably by Trotter's conduct.

Date: c. 1914

Writing in regards to the execution of African Americans in Arkansas race riots

Asking the President for help with mob violence, segregation, and lynching.
Prominent newspaper editor protests against segregation.
Villard urges Tumulty to end segregation and discrimination by "living up to the spirit of one's oath of office."

Villard asks that Redfield ensure the fair representation of blacks in the census report by appointing African American census officials.

Proceedings of the US Senate including petition to create a commission on the racial question.

Petition for East St. Louis investigation heard in the United States Senate.

Writing to the Attorney General of the U.S. asking that he help stop lynching in the U.S.
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